4 Types of Care for your Child: What Are They?

Based on the information from Child Care Aware and the National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center(NCCIC) there are several different options for you. 

Child Care Centers

Definition:  Centers are "facilities where care typically is provided to children in a nonresidential building with classrooms of children in different age groups" (Child Care Information for Families, NCCIC).

License:  Licenses required vary from state to state but the types of requirements you can expect are minimum/maximum number of children, regulated hours of operation, facility inspection, safety inspection and more.  Child Care Aware asserts that all "states inspect centers at least once a year." 

Parents Prefer Because:  According to Child Care Aware parents believe centers are safer for children because of larger groups of children, reputations and state inspections.  They also believe centers provide a good learning environment.

Click here more information on Child Care Centers from Child Care Aware.

Family Child Care

Definition: "Facilities where care typically is provided to children in the provider's residence.  Family child care homes usually provide care for a small number of children of mixed ages and have one care provider" (Child Care Information for Families, NCCIC).

License: Licenses required vary from state to state.  Child Care Aware states that "most states require ...regulation if the provider cares for more than four children."  The types of requirements you can look for are fire inspections, insurance, capacity (maximum/minimum number of children at once), and education requirements.  Annual or random inspection is required of licensed facilities.

Parents Prefer Because: According to Child Care Aware parents like the smaller home-like learning environment.  Flexibility and referrals are also a part of this decision.

Click here for more information on Family Child Care from Child Care Aware.

In-Home Caregivers or Nanny/ Au-Pair

Definition: a person hired by the parents to come and care for the child at home.  In the parent's home the nanny/Au-Pair can care for a group of children at that home (Child Care Information for Families, NCCIC).

License: no regulation in most states

Parents Prefer Because: According to Child Care Aware parents often feel more secure and safer with the caregiver in their home.  Flexibility and convenience is also a plus.

Click here for more information on In-home Caregivers from Child Care Aware

Family, Friend, Neighbor Care

Definition: "Care provided by relatives, friends, neighbors, and/or other adults who have a close relationship with the parent(s). Care can be provided in the child’s home or the family’s, friend’s, or neighbor’s home" (Child Care Information for Families, NCCIC).

License: no regulation in most states

Parents Prefer Because: Value-sharing, loving, warmer caregivers.  Schedules, budgets and transportation are also factors for this choice.

Click here for more information on Care Provided by Relatives, Friends and Neighbors from Child Care Aware

Your Thoughts?

What did you choose for your child's care.  Why did you choose this?  Are you a provider?  What are your opinions?

References:  Types of Care, Child Care AwareChild Care Information for Families, Page 2, NCCIC

Comment

Samantha Marshall, M.A.

Samantha is, just like you, excited to make a difference in our community and our world. With a Master of Arts degree in English Literature, you might ask how she found herself building and writing for a website focused on child care. From 1995 through 2001, Samantha started her career working for Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) sponsors which introduced her to the importance of non-profits, community and quality child care. Her experience with Sponsors, State Officials, and Family Child Care Providers left a great and lasting impression. Later in her career and her most recent position at SAGE Publications, an academic publisher, was as a product manager for a new online resource! During this time many of Samantha's passions collided. A love for the written word, children and the proliferation of knowledge as well as a fascination with the resources the internet gives us, building a community for child care on ChildCareInfo.com is the perfect way to make the difference she wanted to. Needless to say, she is very excited to be an active part of creating and building ChildCareInfo.com.